La acumulación de desventajas

Autores/as

  • Owen M. Fiss Yale University, Estados Unidos

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14198/DOXA2021.44.04

Palabras clave:

Derechos civiles, Desigualdad estructural, Anti subordinación, Responsabilidad acumulativa, Corte Suprema de los Estados Unidos

Resumen

Grupos históricamente marginalizados en una estructura de castas sufren desventajas en varias esferas sociales. Cualquier estrategia correctiva debe reconocer el carácter interdependiente de este sistema de desventaja y elaborar reglas que impidan que una desventaja sufrida en una esfera (tal la de educación) se transmita a otra (tal el empleo). En este ensayo se explica y defiende una de estas estrategias —la idea de la responsabilidad acumulativa— inspirándose en la experiencia estadounidense del movimiento de derechos cívicos.

Citas

Alexander, M., 2010: The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness, New York: The New Press.

Amar, V.D. & Caminker, E., 2003: "Constitutional Sunsetting: Justice O'Connor's Closing Comments in Grutter", Hastings Constitutional Law Quarterly, 30: 541.

Bell, D., 2003: "Diversity's Distractions", Columbia Law Review, 103: 1622. https://doi.org/10.2307/3593396

Chetty, R., Hendren N., y Katz, L., 2016: "The Effects of Exposure to Better Neighborhoods on Children: New Evidence from the Moving to Opportunity Experiment", American Economic Review 106, 4: 855-902. https://doi.org/10.1257/aer.20150572

Diver, C.S., 2004: "From Equality to Diversity: The Detour from Brown to Grutter", University of Illinois Law Review, 691-722.

Eskridge, W. N. Jr., 1991: "Reneging on History? Playing the Court/Congress/President Civil Rights Game", California Law Review, 79: 613. https://doi.org/10.2307/3480831

Fiss, O., 1976: "Groups and the Equal Protection Clause", Philosophy and Public Affairs, 5: 107.

Fiss, O., 2003: A Way Out / America's Ghettos and the Legacy of Racism, Princeton: Princeton University Press. https://doi.org/10.1515/9781400825516

Fiss, O., 2004: "Another Equality", Issues in Legal Scholarship, 2, 1 (The Origins and Fate of Antisubordination Theory): 20. https://doi.org/10.2202/1539-8323.1051

Fiss, O.M. (1997). Affirmative Action as a Strategy of Justice. Philosophy and Public Policy Quarterly, 17: 37.

Gillon, S.M, 2018: Separate and Unequal: The Kerner Commission and the Unraveling of American Liberalism, New York: Basic Books.

Hopkins, D., Meredith, M., Morse, M., Smith, S. & Yoder, J., 2017: "Voting But for the Law: Evidence from Virginia on Photo Identification Requirements", Journal of Empirical Legal Studies, 14: 79. https://doi.org/10.1111/jels.12142

Kalman, L., 2017: The Long Reach of the Sixties: LBJ, Nixon, and the Making of the Contemporary Supreme Court, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Lebron, C., 2017: The Making of Black Lives Matter: A Brief History of an Idea, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Liu, G., 2018: "Racial Justice in the Age of Diversity", California Law Review, 106: 1977.

National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorder, 1968: Report of the National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorder.

Obama, B., 2008: "A More Perfect Union", discurso pronunciado el 18 marzo, disponible en https://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=88478467.

Obama, B., 2013: "Remarks on Trayvon Martin at White House Briefing Room", discurso pronunciado el 13 julio, disponible en https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/2013/07/19/remarks-president-trayvon-martin.

Orfield, M., 2015: "Milliken, Meredith, and Metropolitan Segregation", UCLA Law Review, 62: 364-462.

Posner, R., 1973: The Economic Analysis of Law, Boston: Little, Brown and Company.

Primus, R.A., 2003: "Equal Protection and Disparate Impact: Round Three", Harvard Law Review, 117: 493. https://doi.org/10.2307/3651947

Primus, R.A., 2010: "The Future of Disparate Impact", Michigan Law Review, 108: 1341.

Read, F.T. & McGough, L.S., 1978: Let Them Be Judged: The Judicial Integration of the Deep South. Metuchen, New Jersey: Scarecrow Press.

Rothstein, R., 2017: The Color of Law: A Forgotten History of How Our Government Segregated America, New York: Liveright Publishing Corporation.

Sheehan, D., 2017: "Disparate Impact Liability under the Fair Housing Act after Inclusive Communities", Journal of Affordable Housing, 25: 391-420.

Sherman, M., 2016: "Justice: Changing Course on the Bench is Not Weakness", AP NEWS, disponible en http://perma.cc/QH67-B6X6.

Siegel, R., 2018: "The Constitutionalization of Disparate Impact-Court-Centered and Popular Pathways: A Comment on Owen Fiss's Brennan Lecture", California Law Review, 106.

Stephanopoulos, N.O., 2019: "Disparate Impact, Unified Law", Yale Law Journal, 128: 1566.

Tokaji, D.P., 2006: "The New Vote Denial", South Carolina Law Review, 57: 689.

Tokaji, D.P., 2015: "Applying Section 2 to the New Vote Denial", Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review, 50: 439.

Estadísticas

Estadísticas en RUA

Publicado

12-05-2021

Cómo citar

Fiss, O. M. (2021). La acumulación de desventajas. Doxa. Cuadernos De Filosofía Del Derecho, (44), 95–129. https://doi.org/10.14198/DOXA2021.44.04

Número

Sección

Artículos